Lima is the threshold to
enter Peru. And it has in the Jorge Chavez International Airport
the air link to the main cities of the world. There are regular
flights to these cities and the country has several airlines which
connect it with the cities inside the country.
Access by land
The capital is connected with all the coastal cities through the
new Pan American Highway, which runs parallel to the ocean. Its
northern sector starts in Lima and reaches Tumbes
(On the border with Ecuador) after a 1370 kilometre drive, whilst
the southern sector has 1291 kilometres up to Tacna (On the border
The connection with the cities of the Sierra is through the Central Highway and the Paramonga-Huaraz route (both asphalted), and the penetration dirt roads of Cañete-Yauyos-Huancayo, Huacho-Oyón-Huánuco and Lima-Canta.
Access by sea
The seaport of El Callao is the most important in the country and one of the most active in the South Pacific. Large freighters and cruisers come from abroad to anchor on its waters.
Up to the second third of the XX century and before the Pan American Highway was built, the transportation of passengers was done by sea along the coastline. This modality has currently disappeared.
Lima to Arequipa: 1009 kilometres.
Lima to Trujillo: 557 kilometres.
Lima to Cusco: 1154 kilometres.
Lima to Tacna: 1293 kilometres.