THE PALACE OF PURUCHUCO
It was the Palace of a ruler who governed over a small territory on the left bank of the Rímac River, a little before and during the settling of the Incas in the Valley.
It is built with rectangular adobes and exhibits a quadrangular layout defined by a thick 60 centimetre wide and four metre high wall, as well as a series of rooms, patios and corridors coherently articulated inside it, some with a public character and some rather private.
Cemetery of Puruchuco
It is the second largest Cemetery, and the one with the highest number of burials during the same time period (1480-1535). It has been recognised worldwide for the over 2200 Inca mummies that were found therein.
These bundles were found in a foetal position, accompanied by diverse objects for personal use, ceramic offerings such as keros (a typical Inca vessel), and food like corn, potato, or alpaca meat.
This group of mummies which are currently being studied and analysed in Lima and Canada, has revealed the existence of singular characters such as the "King of Cotton", a noble Inca covered with layers of unprocessed cotton accompanied by a boy, and buried with pottery works, furs and corn.
"False Heads" is another funerary bundle containing various bodies in a foetal position. Its name is due to a fake head made of cotton showing on the outside.
There is a Field Museum at the Ruins of Puruchuco. The objects found during the excavations are exhibited in the Main Room, and it offers visitors historic information duly related to the context.
There is a Temporary Room, and a Room of Metals exhibiting objects manufactured with gold and the tools that were used in their making.
There is also a representation of the way the burials were conducted, along with a collection of still photos, and a reproduction of the Palace of Puruchuco, which has been recreated to help the children understand history in a playful and amusing way.
At the Neighbourhood of Túpac Amaru. Kilometre 7.5 of the Central Highway.
Mondays through Sundays from 08.30 a.m. to 04.30 p.m.
ECOLOGICAL AND RECREATIONAL CENTRE
The Ecological and Recreational Centre of Huachipa is a Zoo and Botanical Garden. It is a nice natural refuge that has become an important part of the effort towards the conservation of the environment.
Here you can appreciate endangered species in open spaces adequately maintained. It has diverse and large natural and recreational areas, including spaces destined to the animals, gardens, parks, lagoons, playgrounds, classrooms, workshops, a library and a restaurant.
It is a very attractive alternative to spend a day in contact with nature. And whilst they relax, visitors learn a little more about the diverse flora and fauna species that inhabit the Peruvian territory and the rest of the world.
Its collection includes 2000 specimens which correspond to more than 300 species.
There are impressive felines amongst the mammals, like the Jaguar, the Puma; along with the beautiful Spectacle Bear, the mischievous Sea Lions, the curious primates such as the White faced Capuchin, the black Spider Monkey, the Common Squirrel Monkey; the Tapir, the Red Deer; South American camel species like the Vicuńa and the Llama.
You can also watch wild birds of harmonic singing and showy colours. There is the famous Cock-of-the-Rocks, the huallata or Andean goose, the beautiful Scarlet macaw, and the likeable Humboldt Penguin, an endangered species.
Or peaceful fishes such as the Golden mullet, the Dorado and the Rainbow trout; the fearful reptiles such as the Spectacle Caiman, the Crocodile of Tumbes, boas and iguanas, and the funny biter, charapa and taricaya turtles.
The beauty of the park is enhanced by a great variety of native and exotic flora.
Amongst it most important species are the tara, huarango, tamarix and the carob tree from the coast; the molle, quinual, mutuy, lloque and mito from the sierra; cedar, mahogany ceibo, topa, ishpingo, the palm trees and the much desired orchids from the forest.
The Wood of the Birds
It is the home of the Peruvian bird species. It consists of a marvellous replica of the forest wherein botanic species brought in from the Amazon have thrived, favourably adapting to the weather of the Coast.
There are more than 370 plant species amongst ornamental, medicinal and fruit trees, that can be watched hiking through a path going over wood bridges and under splendid waterfalls, in the midst of the joyous din of the wild birds flying around.
It is nice to watch animal species such as Parrots and Macaws, torcasa pigeons, toucans, white herons, fishes and turtles living together as if they were in the proper forest.
It has a parking area, restrooms, restaurants and a picnic area where to enjoy a nice lunch. Besides public telephones and a first aid dispensary.
There are playgrounds for the kids and an interesting Pirate Ship. A lagoon for boat rides and a Room Museum, permanently exhibiting ceramic samples of different cultures and diverse historic periods.
Avenida Las Torres unnumbered, beside the Huachipa Bridge, in Ate Vitarte, going through the Central Highway bound to the Central Sierra part of the Country.
(511) 356-3666 / 365-3141
Mondays through Sundays from 9:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.