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MUSEUMS IN LIMA

Presbitero Maestro Cemetery National Museum of Archaeology,Anthropology and History of Perú Julia Codesido House Museum


PRESBITERO MAESTRO - CEMETERY

The Sanitary reforms brought by the French Illustration towards the end of the 18th Century, generated some profound changes in the conception of a city. The usual graveyard besides a church existed no more, giving way to the actual cemetery located in the outskirts of the cities.

In the case of Lima, the new "camposanto" was placed a few blocks of what once was the Portada de Maravillas (or the Portal of Wonders, one of the entrances to the City, through the Muralla de Lima Defense Wall), according to the aesthetical principles of the Ecole des Beaux Arts of Paris.

Its construction was ordered in 1786 but concluded and was inaugurated in 1808, during the regime of Viceroy Abascal and with the blessing of the Archbishop of Lima, Don Bartolomé de las Heras. Its design was made by Matías Maestro -hence its name- who proposed a Neoclassical style for it.

Matías Maestro was a multi-faceted man who was born in Viscaya, Spain on a 4th of February of 1766 and died in Lima the 9th of January of 1835. He studied art in the Academy of Cadiz, obtained a degree in Law and possessed also some knowledge of architecture.

He came to reside in America and got ordered as a priest in 1792.

His most important achievements, apart from the cemetery, were the refurbishing of the Cathedral of Lima and of the major altarpieces of the San Pedro, La Merced and San Francisco Churches, all of which presented a Neoclassical style.


In the grounds of the cemetery that he constructed and that today bears his name, was an octagonal shaped chapel, already gone, that included Ionic columns of white marble and a dome adorned with eight windows.

In collaboration with the insign Peruvian citizen Hipólito Unánue, he built the School of Medicine of the University of San Fernando. Appeared among the signers of the Declaration of Independence and later became the head to the Sociedad Benéfica de Lima Charity Society.

The Presbítero Maestro contains streets, gardens, quarters and boulevards decorated with beautiful statues. Especially overwhelming are its magnificent mausoleums, accounting for the wealth of many families of Lima. The most important among these monuments is the Cripta de los Héroes that shelters the rests of some insign characters like Miguel Grau, Francisco Bolognesi and Andrés A. Cáceres, heroes from the War of the Pacific.

In view of the artistic merits and testimonial value, Cemeteries like the Pére Lachaisse and Montmartre in Paris, the Municipal Cemeteries of Rome and Genoa in Italy, the Colón in La Habana, Cuba, the La Recoleta in Buenos Aires, the Cementerio General del Sur in Caracas and the Cementerio Presbítero Matías Maestro in Lima, have been declared Historical Patrimonies of Humanity.

In the present days, a Museo Presbítero Maestro has been created, with the objective of starting a research program that will include tasks such as valuation, restoration and preservation of the funerary art. It constitutes a part of a bigger endeavour to the revaluation of the artistic and cultural patrimony of Lima.

Location: Blocks 16, 17 and 18 of Jirón Ancash Street - Barrios Altos.



LIMA TOURS
Traditional Lima
3 days / 2 nights
From US$ 207
Archeological Lima
4 days / 3 nights
From US$ 277
City of Caral
Full Day
From US$ 126
Palomino Islands
Half day
From US$ 53
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PERU CULTURAL
Museo de Arte
Precolombino
(Museo Larco)

NATIONAL MUSEUM OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND HISTORY OF PERU.

This is the most important museum in its kind in the whole Country. It shows all of the archaeological and historical process in Peru. From the entrance, it will surprise the visitor by the sight of an impressive painting that shows the time and space relations between the principal Pre-Hispanic cultures from Peru with some of the greatest cultures from around the world.

Next, a group of showcases will explain step by step the evolutionary process of mankind, the peopling of America and the origins of culture among the Central Andes.

Among the most notable halls, we can mention that which comprises the Periodo Formativo, with samples of ceramics from some legendary Cultures as Kotosh and Chavín. From the latter stand out the famous stone sculptures known as Estela de Raimondi and the Obelisco Tello, important historical treasures left by the former Peruvian people.

There are also some rooms designated to the exhibition of those Cultures that were born onto the Christian era. So there can be seen the Nazca, Recuay, Pasash, Moche, Tiahuanaco and Lima Cultures. The Hall of Metallurgy shows a variety of beautiful metallic objects and their elaborating process. The Hall of Textiles contains precious fabrics from the most important Peruvian cultures.

Other rooms are dedicated to the Cultures of Chancay, Lambayeque and Chimú, to the Colonial time, to the Republic, with references to the War with Chile and another one devoted to objects and manifestations related to the upbringing of technology in the 20th Century, with a point on the evolution of the Andean culture over these years.

Location: Plaza Bolívar Square. In front of the Municipal Palace of Pueblo Libre.
Phone: (511) 463-5070 and 463-2009.
Schedule of visits: Tuesday - Sunday from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm.



JULIA CODESIDO HOUSE MUSEUM

Paintings and personal objects of this Peruvian artist are exhibited here.

Location: Paso de los Andes Street number 500, Pueblo Libre.
Phone: (511) 463-8579