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THE HUACAS AT THE NORTH OF METROPOLITANA LIMA

Fortaleza de Paramonga Rupak-Marca Kullpi Necropolis of Ancon

LA FORTALEZA DE PARAMONGA


Located 203 kilometres to the North of Lima, about three and a half hours across the Panamerican Roadway, arouses this splendid terraced pyramid in a perfect state of preservation: Paramonga.

It is a grandiose construction of adobe and stone, from which outstandingly hangs an impressive building known as La Fortaleza or The Fortress, erected over a huge rock outcropping. Along with this building, lay deployed smaller structures pierced by a maze of ramps and corridors.

This complex is from the Intermedio Tardío period (1100 - 1400 A.D.), and ascribed to the Chimu Culture, although years later it became occupied by the Incas (1440 - 1532 A.D.). It is possible to visit two rooms with niches on their walls and a room that shows traces of red, white and ochre paint

The top of a natural mound beside cropping fields was completely transformed due to the construction of five high overtopped terraces. Several doors with restricted access convey to the summit, where a secluded structure with four rooms is located. The pottery and the characteristic parallelepiped adobe bricks leave no room to doubts about its Inca's origins. The seemingly defensive appearance is deceitful, because this building most probably did not served to any military purposes, but ones of cult. It is not a casual fact that this complex, with a polychrome finishing on its walls, so strongly recalls one of the most monumental exploits of the Incas along the Coast: the Pyramid of the Sun in Pachacamac.

Location: at 200 kilometres to the North of Lima, over the Carretera Panamericana Norte.


RUPAK-MARCA KULLPI

An important legacy from the culture of the Atavillos (900 - 1460 A.D.) in the form of a impressive citadel whose main structure is the Castillo Marca Kullpi Castle, surrounded by mythical mausoleums and a number of well preserved chullpas (circular or rectangular stone structures for funerary purposes). On the inside of its rectangular buildings can be seen ornamentations on the walls and tubular chimneys. The main square welcomes the visitor within its astounding stone portals.

Location: Archaeological Complex. Town of Pampas, District of Atavillos Bajos, Huaral. 160 kilometres to the North of Lima.


NECROPOLIS DE ANCON

The Bay of Ancón was in past times a privileged place for human life on account of its abundant marine resources. There must have existed a very large population judging from the greatly extended area detached to be used as a necropolis.

The burials are arranged in overlaying levels, one atop another. Even on this days, there still are some 35,000 tombs awaiting to be studied. The remains of three well defined epochs lay buried here: Horizonte Temprano (900 - 300 B.C.), Intermedio Tardío (900 - 1400 A.D.) and Horizonte Tardío (1440 - 1532 A.D.).

Location: Ancon is located 35 kilometres to the North of Lima. The Necropolis is 300 metres from the main square of Ancón, about a five minute walk.
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