PERU - TRAVEL to PERU and HOTEL in PERU - TOURS in PERU - MACHU PICCHU - CUSCO

ENJOY PERU
TRAVEL AGENCY
TOUR OPERATOR



HANDBOOK FOR SURVIVAL IN THE RAIN FOREST

by
Enjoy Peru
Travel
Enjoy Peru Travel
Home Page
Enjoy Peru
Site Map
Peru Travel
Cusco
Machu Picchu
Lima
Inca Trail
Choquequirao
Lake Titicaca- Puno
Nazca Lines - Paracas - Ica
Arequipa
Colca
Huaraz - Callejon de Huaylas
Ayacucho
Cajamarca
Trujillo
Cotahuasi
Northern Beaches

Peru Amazon Jungle
Destinations
Chachapoyas
Kuelap
Manu
Iquitos
Tarapoto
Tambopata
Puerto Maldonado
PERU
Map of Peru
Peru Pictures,
Photos & Videos
Travel Chronicles
Special Issues
Conozca Peru Magazine
Ayahuasca - Traditional Medicine
Andean Cosmovision
Tourist Calendar
Handbook for Survival in the Rain Forest
Peru Travel Agency & Tour Operator
About us


ENJOY PERU S.A.
Main Headquarters
Schell 343 - Of. 607
Miraflores - Lima 18
PERU
Tel: +51 1 702-2000
Fax: 511-445-1750

TOLL FREE number:
USA: 1-800-790-2961



  HANDBOOK FOR SURVIVAL IN THE RAIN FOREST
Tours in Peru Peru Adventure Travel & Tours Peru Nature Travel & Tours
Hotels in Peru Peru Travel Tips & Useful Information Peru Travelers Testimonials
Corporate Social Responsibility
Peru Tours Perou Tours Peru Tours Manual de Supervivencia en la Selva Handbook for Survival in the Rain Forest Manual de Supervivencia en la Selva
Call our TOLL FREE numbers: USA: 1-800-790-2961
Local Line:   Spain - Barcelona: 0034-931846831   Argentina - Bs. As.: 0054-1159175461
UK - London:   4-203-393-8867

Business Hours: Monday to Friday: 9 am - 6 pm     GMT - 5 hours

Handbook for Survival in the Rain Forest

How to determine your position


It is necessary to try to determine your position in reference to a known point. Obviously, to do this, you will first need to know where you want to go and where you are at that moment.

Basic orientation can be carried out through the following means:

a) Astronomy: By using the sun and the moon.
b) By using instruments like a compass.
c) By Orientation by Natural Means.

a) Astronomy

We all know about the four cardinal points of the compass and we all know that the sun rises in the East, not only in Peru, but everywhere and that it crosses the sky in an East Westerly direction. If we open our arms in the form of a cross and point the right hand towards the point where the sun rises, that right arm will be pointing due East and we will be facing North and due South will be at our back behind us. (See Drawing 3a).

Astronomy

Drawing 3 a

An alternative way would be to sink a pole vertically into the ground and observe towards where the shadow falls, if this is carried out before noon, the shadow will fall towards the West and if it carried out in the afternoon the shadow will fall towards the East. Then we can stand up with our arms in a cross as before and we will be able to find the point we are looking for. (See Drawing 3 b).

Astronomy

Drawing 3 b

If it is at night we will have to use the moon to orient us. We all know that the moon has four phases: full moon, waning crescent, new moon and waxing crescent. Well then, during the waning crescent the horns of the moon point due East and during the waxing crescent they point due West. When there is a full moon, it rises in the East and crosses the sky in an Eastern Westerly direction. To determine the cardinal points you proceed in the following manner: Face the moon and you will see the horns of the moon pointing towards your left in the waning crescent and if you draw an imaginary vertical line through the tips of both the horns you will have due North in the upper part and due South in the lower part.

By using the same method during the waxing crescent with the difference that now the horns will be facing due East towards your right. North will always be above and South always in the lower part. In the dawns of a full moon you will see the moon hide towards the West. (See Drawing 3 c).

Astronomy

Drawing 3 c

b) Compass

Orientation buy compass is very simple since the needle always points towards the North. With this reference point it is very easy to know where the other cardinal points are located.

c) Orientation by natural means

When we do not have available any instruments or other pieces of equipment that could help us to determine our position and when we do not know where the sun exactly comes out or if there is no moon that night, we will have to use signals that nature itself provides us with and which will give us indications which will serve us to orient ourselves and determine our position.

Normally trees need more sunshine than lower echelon plants, thus in an enclosed area or in a river bed running from the East towards the West, the plants will grow more on the North side.

If we observe the tree trunks and find that one side is greener than the other that is the side that faces East.

Trees sprout more new branches on the side facing due East than towards any other direction.

If we cut down an average size tree, we will find a series of concentric circles (annual growth rings) but of different thickness in their perimeter, the narrowest part points due North and the thicker ones towards due South.

If we find ourselves in a heavily wooded part of the Rain Forest and we are completely surrounded by trees, and where we can not look forward or even see the sun in the sky, what one should do is to lie down in the shadow of a tree and look upwards. There one will be able to see an illuminated section, while the other part remains in shadow, and then if you stand up looking towards the illuminated part you will have the sun in your back, thus if, this is in the morning, you will have due East behind you at your back and if the observation takes time in the afternoon you will have due West behind you on your back.

In areas where the vegetation is very dense and it is difficult to see the trail, where all directions seem the same, it is very easy to take a wrong turn and start walking in circles. To walk on the trails it is necessary to do it like the natives or the montaraz do it, breaking and bending the small branches of the bushes or making blazing cuts in the bark of trees with your machete or your knife. Another good system is to double the leaves upside down, thus leaving their less brilliant underside facing up. This is very noticeable wherever the vegetation is very dense.

As to the search for a quick recovery, the best thing to do is to find a small stream and follow its waters downstream until you reach a larger water course until you finally hit a big river where the possibility of finding human settlements on its banks are much larger since the people in the Rain Forest usually live by the banks of the big rivers.




Introduction
General Information
How to determine
your position
Auxiliary signals
for air rescue
How to prepare to
enter the Rain Forest
How to get around
in the Rain Forest
How to build a shelter in the Rain Forest
Search for water
and food
Dangers within the
Rain Forest
How to ford a water course
How to act during
a thunderstorm
How to act when encountering natives
Snake bites. Prevention
Insect bites
 
ISO 9001 : 2000
CERTIFIED
Travel Consulting,
Tourist Operation Management
&
Electronic Air Tickets Distribution


Online Payments



OUR TRAVEL AND TOURS SITES
IN PERU
Cusco Peru
Machu Picchu
Inca Trail
Peru Pictures
Peru Hotels Reservations
Peru Flights

OUR TRAVEL AND TOURS SITES
IN LATIN AMERICA
ARGENTINA
Travel & Tours
PATAGONIA
Travel & Tours
CHILE
Travel & Tours
ECUADOR & GALAPAGOS
Travel & Tours
BOLIVIA
Travel & Tours
MEXICO
Travel & Tours
BRAZIL
Travel & Tours
COSTA RICA
Travel & Tours







 

PERU TRAVEL | PERU REISEN | PERU VOYAGE | PERU VIAGGI | TURISMO EN PERU | PERU VIAGEM
Terms and Conditions | Site Credits | Contact Webmasters
Mountain Climbing Fishing Paragliding Horse Riding Mountain Biking
Off Road 4x4 Rafting Kayaking Rock Climbing Scuba Diving Surfing Trekking
Natural Areas of Peru Botanic Photo Hunting Entomology Speleology Butterflies Orchids
Amazonia Lodge Puerto Maldonado Lodge Rainforest
Peru Luxury Travel

Last Update:  ©ENJOY CORPORATION S.A. All Rights Reserved.
 
PERU - TRAVEL to PERU and HOTEL in PERU - TOURS in PERU - MACHU PICCHU - CUSCO

ENJOY PERU
TRAVEL AGENCY
TOUR OPERATOR