CAJAMARCA A DREAM COME TRUE
Cajamarca, capital city of the region by the same name, has an average altitude of 2,720 meters above sea level, a temperate climate and a summertime rainy season (January through April); it is accessible from Trujillo or Chiclayo cities by a 5-hour average drive along a paved roadway. It also has an airport catering for commercial airlines. This region, with its 13 provinces and 121 districts, is considered to be one of the points of access to the central jungle, and it has an important agriculture, livestock and farm feed industry.
The Region also currently has one of the world's largest and most modern gold mines, dating as far back as the 8th century BC, when Cajamarcan goldsmiths fashioned beautiful gold jewelry for the governing class and for the priests of the temple of Kunturwasi
Cajamarca is a city offering tremendous attractions for visitors. Among them is its beautiful Cathedral, built by the Spaniards in the 17th century; it stands at the center of the city, displaying an architecture that combines baroque art, beautiful colonnades, arabesque designs, cornices and niches, all tastefully carved in volcanic rock. Its main altar is overlaid with gold and includes canvases by local artists of the period, as well as other beautiful ornamentations that together constitute a veritable exhibit of colonial art.
Other interesting attractions worth visiting are: the Hill of Santa Apolonia, a splendid natural lookout point, with a view over the whole city; The "ransom room", where the last Inca of Peru was kidnapped and held to ransom by the Spanish conquistadors who promised him his freedom in exchange for filling the room with gold up to the highest point he could reach on the wall. The room measures 12 meters long by 3 m high and 7.5 m wide; although the Inca kept his side of the "bargain", the conquistadors murdered him once they had obtained what they wanted. This room has been perfectly preserved up to the present, and the mark left by the Inca on the wall when he delivered the ransom to his captors can still be seen.
This Region offers a wide range of options for tourists, including the following places to visit:
The Inca Baths:
These are thermal springs located six kilometers south of Cajamarca, in the north of Peru, at an altitude of 2,720 meters above sea level; the water temperature varies between 65 and 78°Celsius, and is regulated by a series of aqueducts that lead to pools, where a mixture with cold water takes place. The two springs that feed the baths are "El Tragadero" and "Los Perolitos", emerging on the surface of the mountains at a great height, and making their way through the Cordillera shrouded in columns of steam, producing quite a spectacle. Currently a tourism complex called "Los Baņos del Inca" has developed in this area, with adequate infrastructure, including bungalows, thermal pools, swimming pools and some hotels which provide thermal pools in their rooms.
The Temple of Kunturwasi:
The earliest evidence of Cajamarcan goldsmithry comes from the ancient site of Kunturwasi,(district of San Pablo), where in the second millennium before Christ the local population started to transform a local "Cerro" to carry out ceremonial rites. They built imposing staircases and stone walls, managing to make the whole thing look like a pyramid, with squares and temples at the top. Also, during the period from the 7th to the 2nd century BC, representatives of the Cupisnique culture, originally from the coast, emigrated to this area and settled here; this has been shown by the great similarity of ceramics, gold items, sculpture and architecture - quite similar to those of the contemporary Chavin culture. The figurative elements of the architecture are similar to those of the ceramics, with long-fanged deities, others with features of eagles or owls, and a series of other elaborate details which can be fully appreciated by visiting the museum at the site.
The Cumbemayo Canal:
This canal is a masterwork of engineering by our ancestors, featuring a hydraulic system consisting of a 7,600 m long canal at 3,760 meters above sea level. Of the total length, 4,500 m are worked in stone, and the whole system in the year 500 BC manages to transport water from the Pacific to the Atlantic basin. The canal collects condensation water from the high grasslands, functioning as an immense sponge to capture mist water. The area where this canal is built is known as Jalca.
The Ventanillas ("Little Windows") of Otuzco:
Some 8 km from the city of Cajamarca are located the "Ventanillas de Otuzco", an impressive series of funeral niches carved into the rocky walls of a Cerro; Some of the orifices are niches, while other connect with a corridor, through which one gets to the heart of the rocky massif, which contains more niches in its interior. There are similar groups in Bambamarca, Quilcate, San Cristobal, Cerro Yanguil, and in Combayo. All the tombs have been vandalized from the remotest times, so very little is known about the associated rites. However, pottery remains indicate they corresponded to the Cajamarca culture in the intermediate-late period (900 to 1,470 AD ).
It is worth mentioning that the gastronomy of this region offers a variety of delicious cooking for the most refined palates, such as: cecina shilpida, caldo verde, cuy frito, cecina cajabambina, ņuņa and tasty potatoes, available in countless varieties and preparations.
Hotel infrastructure provides some high quality lodging options, with complete facilities suitable for cosmopolitan metropolises, but having a distinctly colonial air. Likewise, there are communications services, banks, a Tourism Police Force intent on providing the security necessary to visitors, as well as restaurants offering local, national and international food, and travel agencies that will help you choose the tour of your dreams.