, there is an archaeological enclosure whose constructions conserve the mysticism and religiosity of their past. Its name: Pachacamac. When traveling this sanctuary, where hundred of years ago the natives surrendered cult to the sun and to the Earth, one can feel the magic attraction of a place that will always be sacred.
At the time of the sunset, on the pick of a rocky mountain, the natives of Pachacamac saw a burning fire. The scene was not a hallucination, they were observing the red walls of the Temple of the Sun that seemed to be fire languages, as the chronicler Cieza of León refers. In the temple, seemingly consumed by the fire, they surrendered cult to Pachacamac, the orderer of the Universe and controller of the balance of the world. During the apogee of the Wari culture (650 a.c.), thousands of pilgrims arrived to the place -located at 33 kilometers south of Lima- to consult the oracle and to surrender homage to the powerful god.
Nobles and peasants trusted in Pachacamac who allowed them to see the past and the future. It is known that it was so much the fear and the respect they felt, that not even priests could look or talk face to face to the Sun, they used to speak to him giving him the back and nobody dared to bother it, because the capricious divinity was able to cause tremors or big earthquakes.
The worshipped image of the god Pachacamac has been conserved until our days. In 1938, it was found by Alberto Giesecke in the Templo Pintado and today is exhibited in the museum of place. The visitors look with curiosity the thin trunk where anthropomorphous representations, plants, birds and felines are carved.
Some studious believe that the figures carved in the totem represent a male-female duality. Also, in the inferior part the representation of the Andean world can be observed; this Andean world is divided as follows: the Hanan Pacha or upper world, the Cay Pacha or actual world (world of the present) and the Uku Pacha or world -land- of the deads.
The belief in the gods to obtain good crops and fertility in the cattle made the old residents of Pachacamac to carve stones in form of corn ("saramama"), potato ("papamama") or pepper ("uchumama"), those that then were buried with invocations to the sun and to the mother earth (Pachamama). These offerings are known with the name of conopas and they were found during the excavations carried out in the archaeological enclosure.
Many years have past and even now many people feel astonished when traveling by the halls of Acllahuasi, the Temple of the Sun or the Temple of the pyramids.
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