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THE SEMINARY
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THE SEMINARY OF SAN ANTONIO ABAD

University´s Beginings

During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Seminary School continued to function as such and its students, both those who would enter the priesthood and those who would remain laymen, were able to duly graduate. The secularization of San Antonio Abad University in 1867 signified the beginning of the University as an institution capable of forming Faculties and a directing body as well as training teachers for the priesthood up until our present time, although between 1950 and 1960 it left off functioning in these quarters because of damage by the 1950 earthquake which left the Nazarenas buildings in bad shape for the second time in their history.

The building of the old Seminary To Related image to the Multimedia Gallerywas raised in the north east of the city on a section of the terraces of Inca Cuzco, a sector caller Amaru Ccata which in Spanish means "slope of the serpents".

It dates approximately from the first quarter of the 17th century although the chapel, refectory and some classrooms were built in 1678 sponsored by above-mentioned Bishop Mollinedo y Angulo.

Initially there were two patios around which the classrooms, dormitories and other important rooms were built. The earthquake of 1650 that struck the city caused serious damage to the original building although it is not known exactly which parts were affected; we only know that Mollinedo, as has been pointed out, ordered some rooms to be built. We do not know whether what Mollinedo ordered was a rebuilding of what had collapsed in the earthquake, or not.

The building, declared by Supreme Resolution 2900-72-DE of December 28, 1972, to be a Monumental Patrimony, presents some important features such as the main doorway that opens onto Las Nazarenas, of mestizo-baroque style that merges Andean cultural elements with the baroque structure.

The doorway of the chapel is like wise interesting and in spite of having been built in 1678, according to historical data its features are mannerist-renaissance, leading us to think that the front is of an earlier chapel that could have collapsed in the 1650 earthquake although there is no written evidence to prove this.

The monument has two splendid cloister garths, the first, today the largest in the city, is enclosed on four sides by typical arcading, with semicircular arches on the first level and false arches on the second. The 18th century fountain in the center of the space is shaded by an ancient native cedar tree, only one in the city.

The most notable rooms are those around the cloister garth: the Chapter House next to the reception room, and the refectory with its arcading; with rich paneling in both pointing up the importance of the Seminary.

The monument also has two minor cloister garths one of which gives access to the refectory and is separated from the other by a small loggia.


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