ounded by conquistador Francisco Pizarro in 1535, Day of Epiphany or of the Three Kings, and therefore bearing on its coat of arms three crowns, of Melchior, Gaspar and Baltazar, Lima is known as the "Thrice
The city is situated on the same land where millenary pre-colombian settlements rose. A legend attributes to Pizarro error in judgment in having chosen it for the capital, a superficial and unfair accusation. It is worth recalling that Lima has brilliant sushine for six months of the year and Spring-like mildness the whole year round and that, when the mists come, the sun is always shining in Chosica 15 miles to the east and 2,600 feet above sea level.
It is within this context that the old city was built, governed by three determining factors: the river, the bridge and the alameda (avenue).
This combination served Chabuca Granda, famous composer of Peruvian music, to pay homage to the woman of Lima in the figure of Doņa Victoria Angulo, a black woman immortalized in the waltz La Flor de la Canela - The Cinnamon Flower.
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